Blessed to be a Blessing!
Total Land Area: 4.5 km2
Number of Islands: 4 (3 inhabited)
Main Island: Pitcairn
Languages: English and Pitcairn dialect
Political Status: Territory of the United Kingdom
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Head of Government: Jay Warren (Island Council Chairman)
Currency: New Zealand Dollar
The Pitcairn Islands form a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. The islands are a British overseas territory spread over several hundred miles of ocean with a total area of about 47 km2. Only Pitcairn, the second largest and measuring 3.2 km across, is inhabited and is only accessible by boat through Bounty Bay.
The islands are best known as home of the descendants of the Bounty mutineers and the Tahitians who accompanied them, an event retold in numerous books and films. With only 50 inhabitants (from nine families), Pitcairn is also notable for being the least populous and most remote jurisdiction in the world.
Pitcairn culture, like its language, is a mix of English and Tahitian influences. A successful Seventh-day Adventist mission in the 1890s was important in shaping Pitcairn society. In recent years, the church has declined, with only about eight islanders worshipping regularly, but most of them still attend church on special occasions. The Sabbath is observed as a day of rest and as a mark of respect for observant Adventists. All of the Pitcairn Islanders are Seventh-day Adventist Christians.Education is free and compulsory between the ages of five and 15.
All of the island’s seven children were enrolled in school in 2000. Due to a lack of educational facilities on the island, children of upper high school age are sent to boarding schools either in New Zealand or Australia. In September 2003, a baby was born on the island for the first time in 17 years. Another child, Adrianna Tracey Christian, was born on Pitcairn on 3 March 2007.
The small population of the island subsists on traditional fishing and the farming of fruits and vegetables such as taro, coconuts, beans, bananas, yams, watermelons and citrus fruit.
The main sources of foreign income are the sale of handicraft and farm products to passing ships, the sale of postage stamps and, in recent years, the sale of honey.